R, Scientometrics, Knowledge Management, and Social Network Analysis

The different “schools” of knowledge management

with 2 comments

What is knowledge management? There are more than 50 definitions of it. This is simply confusing for every executive task with the knowledge management initiative in his/her organization.

In 2001, Michael Earl (Professor of Information Management at London Business School), pointed out the need for models, frameworks, or methodologies that can help corporate executives to evaluate what types of knowledge management initiatives is appropriate for their organization.

Earl differentiated the schools of knowledge management into:

  1. Systems. Focus: Technology. The underpinning philosophy is codification of domain specific-knowledge. The engine of this school is a computer system capture, store, organize, and display knowledge derived from expertise and experience. –> Knowledge Repository
  2. Cartographic. Focus: Maps. Concerns about mapping the organizational knowledge. This is more of a knowledge directory which tries to record and disclose who in the organization knows what.  The knowledge is as likely to be tacit as explicit.  –> Knowledge Map
  3. Engineering. Focus: Processes.  This is a derivation of business process reengineering. The idea driving this school is that peformance of business process can be enhanced by providing operational personnel with knowledge relevant to their task.  –> Knowledge Sharing
  4. Commercial. Focus: Income. –> Knowledge exploitation
  5. Organizational. Focus: Networks.
  6. Spatial. Focus: Space.
  7. Strategic. Focus: Mindset.

Source: http://staffweb.ncnu.edu.tw/hyshih/download/KM/Paper/KM%20strategy%20taxonomy.pdf


Written by Mat

September 30, 2008 at 9:25 pm

2 Responses

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  1. […] can be used in knowledge management initiative, specifically if you are in the cartographic school of knowledge management. SNA can be used to know who are the key people in the organization and how important are them for […]

  2. In a Modern Scenario, Countries are implementing Knowledge Management in the Schools.It can delivers each individual’s continuous learning process delivers an important element for the knowledge collected in an organization. But a “learning organization” is more than the sum of the learning activities and achievements of all organization members. It also consists of the continuous interaction with its environment, the integration into a cultural network and all individual experiences.


    Michael Moody

    June 9, 2011 at 2:40 pm

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